Bulgarian Customs celebrate its 135th anniversary



Today, July 7th 2014, the Bulgarian Customs celebrate its 135th anniversary. To honor the celebration the customs officers met over 700 students and visited different educational institutions and children` s centers and also greeted them in the customs offices and houses to demonstrate some of the customs activities. The emphasis was put on the customs officers` s performance on the fight against drug traffic. Damages and consequences from the drug use were also discussed.


Traditionally, for the second time already, a Bulgarian customs` history book was pieced out and republished, and the permanent exhibition exposure in the Central Customs Directorate` s building was also extended.


During the today` s celebration day Russe Customs House initiates "Meeting of the generations", where in front of customs officers - veterans will be presented and regenerated a museum assemblage in the Regional Training Center.


July 7th has been stated a Day of the Open Doors at the Historical Museum in Burgas, where there is an exhibition exposed, called "Rescued treasures", which includes over 80 precious works of European applied art, which have been rescued from trafficking by the Burgas customs officers.


The initiatives on the occasion of the anniversary will continue to the end of the year with a competition for a student essay and discourse, and also with various sport events.


70 customs officials have already climbed the peaks Musala and Cherni Vrah under the moto "135 years Bulgarian Customs".




From the history:


On July 7th with Decree No 2 of Prince Alexander I of Battenberg Bulgarian Customs and customs houses were founded as an institution "to protect the interests of the principality".

This act is happening immediately after the constitution of the first Bulgarian government with a Decree No 1 from July 5th.


Royal Decree for the foundation of the Bulgarian Customs states a duty obligation on foreign goods. The decree intends also a duty free import from Eastern Rumelia and Macedonia.

"All the products from Eastern Rumelia and Macedonia must be released through bulgarian borders without collecting a duty" has been said in the decree.


In the first years of their activity the customs start to keep and hand statistics about the import and export, and this information can be seen in the almanac "Statistics of the Principality of Bulgaria for 1883 - 1884". The inquiry contains information about the type of the good, quantity, the country of the origin or the direction, and the border point, which through the load has passed.


Immediately after the liberation, Zahari Stoyanov and Nikola Obretenov started working for the customs, for a while. Zahari Stoyanov was a writer and Obretenov was filling declarations at the Russe Customs House. The writer and a public man Mihalaki Georgiev organized the adoption of the management of the Vidin Customs House from Shekir Efendi and started gathering personnel for the Bulgarian Customs administration. Later he became a General Inspector of the customs - a position to the Ministry of Finance.

Revolutionary Georgi Hadhzi Denkov counted on his experience, which he gained during his work at the counting house of the brothers Evlogi and Hristo Georgievi in Bucharest and then became the first director of the Svishtov Customs House.


The first woman in the Stolichna Customs House (Sofia) was hired in 1948 and 20 years after this moment she became a Deputy Head of the Stolichna Customs House.